5 Things to know about option trading


Options trading offers investors a wide range of opportunities to profit from market volatility and diversify their portfolios. It is a popular investing method that lets investors bet on the future movements of a particular asset. 

Options trading entails the purchase or sale of contracts that allow the investor the authority, but not the responsibility, to sell or purchase an asset at a predetermined value within a specific time frame. Options are an appealing alternative for traders trying to profit from market volatility because of their flexibility. 

The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) regulates options trading in Singapore, ensuring fair and transparent trading practices. To maximise possible earnings while reducing risk, traders can use a range of options techniques such as protective puts, covered calls, and straddles. Online trading sites have made it simpler for anyone to trade options and obtain real-time market data as technology advances. 

Here are five things you must know before taking the plunge into options trading. 

Understand the basic terminology and concepts of option trading

Options have two main types: puts and calls. Call options give the buyers the right to purchase an underlying asset at a particular value or price, while a put option gives the buyer the right to sell an asset at a predetermined price. Learning about strike prices, expiration dates, and contract sizes is also essential. By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you’ll be better equipped to make informed decisions when trading options. Learn more about the call and put options from our financial glossary.

Options trading can be risky

While there is potential for high rewards, substantial losses are also possible. Options are considered derivative securities because their value is derived from an underlying asset. This means that changes in the underlying asset’s price can significantly impact the value of the options contract. It’s important to carefully assess your risk tolerance and develop a solid risk management strategy before engaging in option trading.

Understand implied volatility

The most important concept that most individuals do not comprehend when they first start trading options is implied volatility (IV). Reputable trading platforms provide indicators of implied volatility. Implied volatility shows you what is predicted during the option’s lifespan at the current moment by analysing the pricing of a complete options chain. When IV is high, the alternatives possess quite a bit of additional premiums in their cost, which means you’re paying more for the options and fighting against more significant time decay. The reverse is true when IV is low.

Determine the options’ time frame

Every option contract has an expiry term that denotes the final day the option can be executed. You can’t just grab a date randomly here. Your options are restricted to those presented when you invoke an option chain.

Options trading strategies are crucial

Strategies are essential in derivatives trading. There are several techniques for various scenarios. For instance, if you’re concerned about the expense of holding, you can rely on covered calls. If you want to increase your earnings on the downside, you might utilise protective puts. It is also important to remember that sophisticated and multi-layered techniques are generally more expensive.


Options trading may be a profitable investing approach if done with caution and expertise. Understanding the fundamentals, risk management, comprehensive research, matching your goals and timeframe, and remaining informed are all critical components of effective options trading. These five crucial concepts may improve your probability of succeeding in the options market. So, if you’re set to begin on this exciting adventure, ensure you know these crucial components of option trading.



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  1. Brielle Luna on

    Reading this article was a valuable learning experience for me, as I gained a significant amount of knowledge from the author’s well-presented insights.

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